Periodontal Disease has traditionally been treated by trimming away the infected gum tissue and by re-contouring the uneven bone tissue. Although this is still an effective way of treating gum disease, new and more sophisticated procedures are used routinely today. Two of these advancements are guided tissue regeneration and laser assisted regeneration.
During guided tissue regeneration, the pockets are cleaned thoroughly, a bone graft is placed to fill the bone defects and biologic materials or membranes are installed between the soft tissue and the pocket in the bone. Some of these membranes are bio-absorbable and some require removal. The membrane covers the pocket so that fast-growing soft tissue is blocked, and slower-growing bone can begin to grow, or “regenerate” itself. Today bone growth factors are also added to stimulate your own bone, gum attachment and ligaments to grow back to a healthy state.
Alternatively, and most frequently, Drs. Nasr and Saenz will recommend laser assisted regeneration (LAR). LAR works by targeting only diseased gum and stimulating periodontal tissues (gum, bone, cementum and ligaments) to regenerate and reattach. This procedure is performed without scalpel or sutures.
The effectiveness of these procedures generally depends on the severity of the situation and the patient’s willingness to follow careful oral care. Drs. Nasr or Sáenz will help you determine if periodontal regeneration surgery is right for you.